Behavioral intention towards pakikisama in the workplace.
The present study sought to assess the degree of behavioral intention towards pakikisama in the context of the Valenzuela Municipal Office. The study also aimed to find the relationship of pakikisama behavioral intention to its predictor variables. Furthermore, it also considered the possible moderating influence of (1) age and (2) length of stay in the job in the relationship between pakikisama and behavioural intention. The Theory of Planned Behavior and its major constructs were also used and contextualized for the study. Survey questionnaire were administered and collected from a total of 100 employees. Purposive non probability sampling was employed to meet sampling criteria: (1) Employees should not hold a supervisory position, and; (2) The employee should have been working in his/her present job for at least six months. Descriptive Statistics and correlation among the major variables were computed and presented. Canonical Correlation was used to find relationships between and among variables. The study found that the degree of pakikisama behavioral intention among the employees of Valenzuela Municipal Office is generally high. The study also supported the Theory of Planned Behavior’s premise that attitude, social norm and perceived behavioral control have significant relationship to behavioral intention applied in a given behaviour (i.e pakikisama). Attitude proved to be the top predictor while social norm proved to be the least influential. Perceived behavioural control ranked next to attitude. Demographics factors manifested an essential moderating influence between pakikisama and behavioral intention. It showed that behavioural intention towards pakikisama gradually decreases as employee ages. Parallel to these findings, employees showed a gradual decrease in the intention to engage in pakikisama related behavior as they increase the length of stay in the job. Younger employees who have been staying in the company for shorter years (i.e liaison personnel, interns, and utility personnel) manifested a high degree of intention towards pakikisama in the workplace through various activities that are outside the scope of employee job description. Older employees who have been staying in the job for longer years (i.e. department officers, and supervisor’s assistant and secretaries) manifested a moderate degree of intention towards pakikisama in the workplace through behaviors that could help new employees cope with the job.